Background

The landscape character of the former Fort Ord roadway corridors within the footprint of the RUDG is comprised of remnant military infrastructure. These corridors have been excavated, trenched, graded and paved, leaving strands of native soil and limited vegetation. Erosion control grasses, mixed vegetation, and cypress trees were imported to stabilize the disrupted landscape that remained between roads, parking lots and buildings.  Roadways reaching out of the original base development area are more intact with a mosaic of oak woodlands and maritime chaparral.

The proposed corridors envisioned by the RUDG for the Urban Town Centers depict limited areas for planting that will be surrounded by buildings, parking lots, roadways, sidewalks and bike trails. The buildings of these new neighborhoods will provide the dominant features of the landscape, incorporating planting that complements the urban, and at times, rural setting of this newly developing community. Outside the new Town Centers, the public roadway corridors will contain linear segments of ground level planting and can include trees. A unifying visual character along these roadways will connect varying neighborhoods within the former base lands.

Embedded within the design guidelines is a theme of a vibrant community with a local “Fort Ord” landscape character that is unique to this central California coast region.

These Landscape Palette guidelines provide a series of plant lists that acknowledge the different geographic proximity to Monterey Bay for plants and, the new landscape settings along the regional roadway corridors that will be created by anticipated urban development. Plant selection acknowledges a desire to strengthen the visual quality of the public landscape using a predominate mix of California natives and integrating more local native plants in the urban landscape.

The criteria for plant recommendations are based on:

  • Plant suitability to area climate (wind and salt tolerant);
  • Plant appropriateness to built conditions (building/sidewalk/parkway strip/ medians);
  • Plant establishment and long term maintenance (private vs public); and
  • Consistent with preferred landscape character.

Plant Lists

Town & Village Centers

In the Town & Village Centers, public spaces will be created which include shrub planting and street trees associated with new development. Planting design in these areas will be integral to the identity of each mixed use development proposal, with design review approval by the local land use jurisdictions. If approved, these guidelines strongly recommend, not only the use of the plant list but also that the long term maintenance remain the responsibility of the private sector developer.

Street Trees

  • Arbutus ‘Marina’ – Strawberry Tree
  • Geijera parviflora – Australian Willow
  • Lyonothamnus floribunda – Catalina Ironwood
  • Melaleuca quinquenervia – Paperbark
  • Melaleuca linarifolia – Flax Leaf Paperbark
  • Metrosideros excelsa – New Zealand Christmas Tree

Planter Trees / Tree-Shrubs

  • Fremontodendron californicum – California Flannel Bush
  • Heteromeles arbutifolia – Toyon
  • Quercus agrifolia (with wind screen protection) – Coastal Coast Live Oak
  • Rhamnus californica – California Coffeeberry
  • Rhus integrifolia – Lemonade Berry

Planter Shrubs

  • Arctostaphylos pumila– Little Sandmat Manzanita
  • Baccharis pilularis – Upright Coyote Bush
  • Ceanothus thrysiflorus – Blue Blossom Ceanothus
  • Ceanothus thrysiflorus ssp. griseus ‘Yankee Point’ – Carmel Ceanothus
  • Dietes grandiflora – Fortnight Lily
  • Eriogonum latifolium – Coast Buckwheat
  • Lavatera maritima – Sea Mallow
  • Lupinus arboreus –Bush Lupine
  • Lupinus chamissonis – Chamisso Bush Lupine
  • Ribes malvaceum – Chaparral Currant
  • Salvia ‘Allen Chickering’ – Allen Chickering salvia
  • Salvia mellifera – Black Sage
  • Sambucus mexicana – Elderberry
  • Vaccinium ovatum – Evergreen Huckleberry

Groundcovers

  • Achillea millefolium – Common yarrow
  • Arctostaphylos hookeri – Monterey Manzanita
  • Armeria maritima ssp. californica – Sea Pink
  • Baccharis pilularis ‘Pigeon Point’ – Dwarf Coyote Brush
  • Ceanothus griseus horizontalis – Carmel Creeper
  • Ericameria ericoides – Mock Heather
  • Erigeron glaucus – Seaside Daisy
  • Fragaria chiloensis – Coastal Strawberry
  • Iris douglasiana – Pacific Coast iris
  • Polystichum munitum – Sword Fern
  • Salvia spathacea – Hummingbird Sage

Grasses

  • Festuca idahoensis – Blue Bunch grass
  • Juncus patens – California Gray Rush
  • Koeleria marantha – June Grass
  • Leymus triticoides – Creeping Wild Rye
  • Leymus condensatus ‘Canyon Prince’ – Canyon Wild Rye
  • Muhlenbergia rigens – Deergrass

Regional Circulation Corridors

Public roadway corridors are maintained by the land use jurisdictions. The resources required for nurturing new planting and management of urban landscapes suggest a greatly simplified approach to plant selection and design.

Avenues (2nd Ave and California Ave)

Trees: Planting Strips at Town & Village Centers Only (8’ wide minimum). See Town & Village Center Street Trees, plus:

  • Cupressus macrocarpa – Monterey Cypress
  • Quercus agrifolia (with wind screen protection) – Coastal Coast Live Oak

Trees: Medians (11’ wide minimum)

  • Cupressus macrocarpa – Monterey Cypress

Shrubs/Groundcover:  Planting Strips

  • Achillea millefolium – Common Yarrow
  • Arctostaphylos pumila– Sandmat Manzanita
  • Arctostaphylos hookeri – Monterey Manzinita
  • Ceanothus griseus horizontalis – Carmel Creeper
  • Fragaria chiloensis – Coastal Strawberry

Grasses/Perennials:  Medians

  • Eschscholzia californica – California Poppy
  • Leymus triticoides – Creeping Wild Rye
  • Leymus condensatus ‘Canyon Prince’ – Creeping Wild Rye

Boulevards (Lightfighter Dr, Gigling Rd, General Jim Moore Blvd., Imjin Parkway(part))

Trees: Parkway Planting Strip (8’ wide minimum)

  • Cupressus macrocarpa – Monterey Cypress
  • Quercus agrifolia (1 & 5 gallons with wind protection, except Lightfighter Drive) – Coastal Coast Live Oak

Trees:  Medians (11’ wide minimum)

  • Cupressus macrocarpa – Monterey Cypress

Grasses/Perennials:  Medians

  • Eschscholzia californica – California Poppy
  • Leymus triticoides – Creeping Wild Rye

Grasses/Perennials (seeded): Roadway Shoulder/ Graded Slopes

  • Bromus carinatus – California Brome
  • Eschscholzia californica – California Poppy

Roadways with wide medians, road shoulders and parkway planting areas, are typically outside the developed commercial and residential neighborhoods. These roadway corridors provide an opportunity to utilize a dominant native plant palette.

Parkways (Blanco Rd, Eastside Parkway, Eucalyptus Rd, Imjin Parkway (part), Intergarrison Rd, Reservation Rd, South Boundary Rd)

Trees: Parkway Planting Strip Only (8’ wide minimum)

  • Quercus agrifolia (1 & 5 gallon size with wind protection) – Coastal Coast Live Oak

Trees: Medians

  • None

Shrubs: Understory /Roadway shoulders

  • Baccharis pilularis – Upright Coyote Bush
  • Ceanothus thrysiflorus – Blue Blossom Ceanothus
  • Fremontodendron californicum – California Flannel Bush
  • Heteromeles arbutifolia – Toyon
  • Rhamnus californica – California Coffeeberry
  • Rhus integrifolia – Lemonade Berry
  • Sambucs mexicana – Elderberry

Grasses/Perennials (seeded): Medians

  • Eschscholzia californica – California Poppy
  • Leymus triticoides – Creeping Wild Rye

Grasses/Perennials (seeded): Roadway Shoulder/ Graded Slopes

  • Bromus carinatus – California Brome
  • Eschscholzia californica – California Poppy